CIDOB Report nº 6
The coronavirus pandemic has caused a global health crisis that has accelerated dangerous dynamics in international relations. The great power rivalry between the US and China has sharpened, while conflict-affected societies like Libya, Ukraine and Yemen face another layer of complexity and disruption. Social inequalities are widening and dissatisfaction growing as economies contract and the recovery is slower than initially forecast. The overlap between the global health and socio-economic crisis and the climate emergency present the UN with the greatest challenge since its creation as it approaches its 75th anniversary. As the pandemic drags on, in an age of widening fault lines and protracted crises the question of how to enhance multilateralism and a rules-based international order appears both urgent and demanding.
This CIDOB Report examines the challenges currently facing the UN and offers pathways for the reform and strengthening of multilateralism and global cooperation. The report is structured in two parts: the first addresses how the UN has dealt with today’s key challenges, from development to peacebuilding to violent extremism; the second provides analysis and recommendations for rebuilding a multilateral world order.
With the support of:
Prologue: The United Nations @ 75
Today and tomorrow: Challenges for the UN at 75
The United Nations: Revisiting the challenges of the Development Agenda
Lower expectations and carry on: The UN and the challenge of “sustaining peace”
Necessary but unwanted? The United Nations' evolving approach to counterterrorism
The European Union and the United Nations: Two organisations, one fate
Héctor Sánchez Margalef
Global governance mechanisms for an improved UN
Between realism and fairness: Reflection to help the United Nations face the global migration challenge
Culture: A path towards a more sustainable future?
Further including local governments in the quest for a more effective UN
Eva García Chueca
In 2020, the world paused. Climate change did not