Las reformas de Raúl Castro y el partido comunista de Cuba: avances, obstáculos y resultados

Raúl Castro's reforms and the Cuban Communist Party Congress: Progress, obstacles and results

Publication date:
Carmelo Mesa-Lago, Distinguished Emeritus Professor of Economics, University of Pittsburgh

Documentos CIDOB América Latina, n.º 35

In 2007, a year after he replaced Fidel, Raúl Castro announced "structural reforms" and promoted the widest debate never made under the revolutionary regime, which reached a high consensus on the necessary changes. In the two years that followed, Raúl Castro made some minor changes, but the deterioration in the economic-social sphere and the acute economic crisis resulted in two more drastic reforms being implemented between 2009 and 2011: the usufruct of state land that were not being used, and the dismissal of between 10% and 35% of the labour force, and its employ in the private sector. At the 6th Congress of the Cuban Communist Party (PCC), held in April 2011, these reforms were ratified, and other less important ones were announced. In light of these precedents, this work carries out a review of this process, focusing on the following points: 1) identifying Raúl Castro's reforms and the most important agreements reached at the Congress, 2) analysing the limitations and difficulties facing these reforms in terms of their implementation, 3) reviewing the adjustments carried out and summarising the results, and 4) examining whether consensus or dissent exist among the leaders as to introducing these reforms and their effects.

E-ISSN: 1697-8137