Partidos políticos en América Latina: precisiones conceptuales, estado actual y retos futuros

Publication date:
Manuel Alcántara Sáez

Documentos CIDOB América Latina, n.º 3

The assessment of the period from 1973 – 2003 in Latin America is especially positive in terms of the stability of the multi-party system, described by the author as being an unprecedented democratic stage in the region. Stating that the parties continue to carry out central functions in the political systems, despite not correctly developing their function of representing and articulating demands, the expert indicates that the parties and institutions continue to structure political life in Latin America. Through an empirical approach to the organisation of Latin American parties, Manuel Alcántara demonstrates the existence of a very diverse pattern as well as the difficulty in referring to the region in homogeneous terms. In this sense, of the 18 countries considered in this study, he comments on the fact that a third of them have not had any changes in their basic party competition, a second third have had great changes, and a final third have had minor changes. Identifying the challenges that the Latin American parties have to face in the 21st century, the nature of which is not far from the diagnoses focusing specifically on advanced industrial democracies, he lists: the financing of politics, domestic democracy, the professionalisation of politics and the relationship between the party, the parliamentary group and, in some cases, the party of the Government.

Manuel Alcántara Sáez is a Professor of Political Science and Administration. Director of the Institute for Latin American and Portuguese Studies, University of Salamanca.

issn: 1697-7688 (print edition)

issn: 1697-8137 (online edition)

60 pp.