Documentos CIDOB Europa, n.º 4
The aim of this study is to analyse the ways in which Spanish and Italian parties have adapted to the new European system and to the results of its policies. Unlike other studies, this one examines the direct and indirect effects of the European Union on electoral and parliamentary competition by analysing Europe's importance and uses in Italy and Spain as regards different policies, such as foreign affairs, economics and social policy. This comparative analysis of two countries and of the different political parties that represent their main ideologies and their corresponding cleavages may prove to be very useful, as it enables us to understand how the parties have adapted to the European Union and to its policies, the effects of this new supranational arena on national parties and political competition, as well as the possible lessons that can be learned by comparing the two cases. Furthermore, the empirical approach of the analysis may help to corroborate or rule out different existing hypotheses, and to provide data and information that enable us to discern which factors are important to an understanding of the process of Europeisation. Finally, the reaction of Italy and Spain's parties to the new European arena may provide different examples on how they acted in periods of political or economic difficulty, and the possible lessons that can be learned from each country and each party.
Fabio García Lupato
Centro Interdipartamentale di Ricerca sul Cambiamento Politico (CIRCaP), Università di Siena and the Department of Political Science and Administration, Complutense University of Madrid
ISSN: 1886-2829 (print edition)
ISSN: 1886-2837 (online edition)