The dual logic of European externalisation: protection and deportation in Morocco

Publication date:
Daniela Lo Coco and Eloísa González Hidalgo

Revista CIDOB d’Afers Internacionals n.º 129, p. 79-106
Quadrimestral (October-December 2021)
ISSN:1133-6595 | E-ISSN:2013-035X

Reception date: 19.03.21 ; Acceptance date: 20.09.21

The European Union’s border externalisation policies have driven the simultaneous creation in third countries of frameworks to protect the rights of migrants, refugees and asylum seekers and other policies on control, detention transfer and deportation. Thus, in Morocco, Law 02-03 legalises deportation, while the new National Strategy for Immigration and Asylum establishes a framework for protection. This article examines the case of Morocco and specifically the practices of arbitrary detention in informal centres, forced displacement and the deportation of people from West and Central Africa between 2019 and 2021 based on primary and secondary sources and in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. 

Keywords: Morocco, European Union, protection, detention, deportation, border externalisation, irregular migration, West and Central Africa

Daniela Lo Coco. Investigadora predoctoral FPI, Instituto de Derechos Humanos Pedro Arrupe, Universidad de Deusto. ORCID: 

Eloisa González Hidalgo. Consultora independiente. ORCID:

How to cite this article:  Lo Coco, Daniela y González-Hidalgo, Eloísa. «La doble lógica de la externalización europea: protección y deportación en Marruecos». Revista CIDOB d’Afers Internacionals, n.º 129 (diciembre de 2021), p. 79-106. DOI:

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