Twenty years of the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda

Publication date:
Itziar Mujika Chao

Itziar Mujika Chao, Profesora e investigadora, Departamento de Ciencia Política y de la Administración, y Hegoa, Instituto de Estudios sobre Desarrollo y Cooperación Internacional, Universidad del País Vasco (UPV/EHU). ORCID: 

How to cite this article: Mujika Chao, Itziar. «Veinte años de la agenda internacional sobre Mujeres, Paz y Seguridad (MPS)». Revista CIDOB d’Afers Internacionals, n.º 127 (abril de 2021), p. 15-38. DOI:

Abstract: At the time of the 20th anniversary of the adoption of United Nations Security Council resolution 1325, this paper conducts a critical analysis of the track record of the international Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda. The text retraces the history of the WPS agenda by examining its key features, strengths, gaps and weaknesses. What are the main criticisms made of the series of measures on the WPS agenda and their implementation? Answering this question enables us to glimpse the agenda’s major weaknesses, as well as the key challenges for the future. 

Keywords:  United Nations, Security Council resolution 1325, women, peacebuilding, security, gender, conflict, WPS agenda

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