Revista CIDOB d'afers Internacionals, núm. 127

From the national or the local level? Women’s paths to congress in the Andean region and Chile

Publication date:
Margarita Batlle, Lucía Miranda Leibe and Julieta Suarez-Cao

Margarita Batlle, oficial de Programa Senior, Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI, Londres) (Nota: este artículo no refleja necesariamente la posición de la organización donde trabaja actualmente la autora) ( ORCID:

Lucía Miranda Leibe, profesora asistente adjunta, Instituto de Ciencia Política, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, y docente, Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO, Chile) ( ORCID:;

Julieta Suárez-Cao, profesora asociada, Instituto de Ciencia Política, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile ( ORCID:

How to cite this article: Batlle, Margarita; Miranda Leibe, Lucía y Suárez-Cao, Julieta. «¿Desde lo nacional o desde lo local? El camino de las mujeres al Congreso en la región andina y Chile». Revista CIDOB d’Afers Internacionals, n.º 127 (abril de 2021), p. 173-199. DOI:

Abstract: This paper analyses the political paths of congresswomen in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Chile between 2009 and 2016. Their trajectories are classified according to their previous experience and the territorial levels at which they won elections before entering congress, and includes both novices and professionals. The professionals had prior political experience at either national or subnational level, with some having won re-election (incumbents). Despite the countries’ differing institutional structures, the vast majority held their first political position at national level – in congress (novices). Of the professionals and incumbents, most congresswomen in Chile, Ecuador and Peru began their careers at national level, while in Colombia and Bolivia they began at subnational level.

Keywords:  women, congress, political trajectories, gender and politics, Latin America

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