Traditional Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR) processes focus on the individualisation of combatants, but the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People's Army (FARC-EP) opted for a collective reincorporation that combines conversion to a political party with the implementation of collective productive projects in the framework of the Economías Sociales del Común (Ecomún) cooperative. But although it was a strategic bet, environmental factors have not helped this model come to fruition. This paper analyses the strategic, organisational and operational changes undergone by the FARC-EP in its process of transition to legal political life, highlighting its strengths and weaknesses, as well as the challenges it faces to remain united in legality.
Key words: FARC-EP, collective reincorporation, political party, peace agreements, Colombia
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How to cite this article: Zambrano Quintero, Liliana. «La reincorporación colectiva de las FARC-EP: una apuesta estratégica en un entorno adverso». Revista CIDOB d’Afers Internacionals, n.º 121 (abril de 2019). DOI:doi.org/10.24241/rcai.2019.121.1.45