The collective reincorporation of the FARC-EP: a strategic bet in an adverse environment

Publication date:
Liliana Zambrano Quintero, Instituto de Derechos Humanos, Universidad de Deusto (Bilbao, España)

Traditional Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR) processes focus on the individualisation of combatants, but the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People's Army (FARC-EP) opted for a collective reincorporation that combines conversion to a political party with the implementation of collective productive projects in the framework of the Economías Sociales del Común (Ecomún) cooperative. But although it was a strategic bet, environmental factors have not helped this model come to fruition. This paper analyses the strategic, organisational and operational changes undergone by the FARC-EP in its process of transition to legal political life, highlighting its strengths and weaknesses, as well as the challenges it faces to remain united in legality.

Key words:  FARC-EP, collective reincorporation, political party, peace agreements, Colombia


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How to cite this article:  Zambrano Quintero, Liliana. «La reincorporación colectiva de las FARC-EP: una apuesta estratégica en un entorno adverso». Revista CIDOB d’Afers Internacionals, n.º 121 (abril de 2019).