The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (Palermo Convention) is the main international juridical instrument for fighting this phenomenon. Negotiation over the adoption of a mechanism for evaluating its application has been ongoing since 2008, but until mid-way through 2014 no agreement had been made either upon its finance mechanism nor the level of civil society participation.
These difficulties are related to changes in the distribution of international power and the role of multilateral norms and institutions in global governance, as well as the evolution of transnational crime. In this context, this article analyses the EU’s role in the creation and strengthening of the convention in an international setting that is increasingly unfavourable to EU.
Key words: transnational organized crime, European Union, emerging powers, global governance, UNTOC
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