This article examines the evolution of the internal battles between activists in the transnational campaign for the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security and subsequent resolutions from a poststructuralist perspective. Based on extensive fieldwork, the article attempts to answer the question of how international activists participating in a transnational campaign affect local women’s rights campaigns in two post-conflict states: Burundi and Liberia. Or rather, why was the transnational campaign for the Resolution 1325 in Burundi considered a failure while the same campaign in Liberia was deemed a success by the international community?
Key words: civil society, boomerang effect, Burundi, Liberia, human rights, gender security, international norms
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