From the Vienna Charter for neighbourly relations to Vienna as a City of Human Rights

Publication date:
12/2019
Author:
Shams Asadi,Human Rights Commissioner and Head of the Human Rights Office, City of Vienna
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As one of the fastest growing metropolitan cities in Europe, Vienna is – and has historically been – characterised by migration. The economic growth in the 1950s and labour migration in the 1960s, the establishment of United Nations (UN) headquarters in the 1970s, the establishment of a common European market, the freedom of movement and the opening of Europe to the east have particularly influenced the diversity of Vienna’s population and its international status. Since the early 1990s, Vienna has pursued proactive and sustainable integration policies, but in 2004, a change of paradigm took place and since then Vienna has perceived itself as a city of immigration. This led to the further development of integration policies directed towards diversity and diversity management in a city characterised by migration.