Pakistani businesses now form an essential part of Barcelona’s commercial landscape. Businesses of this type existed before the crisis, but have grown exponentially over the past decade, thanks to a series of changes in the city’s structure of opportunities. In a context in which many local traders have had to close down, this expansion has prompted many questions in the host society due to a lack of knowledge about the group’s internal organisation strategies. This paper analyses the effects of the crisis (post-2008) on the development of the ethnic economy led by Pakistani residents using the theory of “mixed embeddedness”, a multilevel analysis method and a mixed methods design.
Key Words: Barcelona, ethnic entrepreneurship, Pakistani community, mixed embeddedness, ethnic and class resources
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