Highly skilled immigration and its impact on the labour market in Europe

Publication date:
Carlos Iglesias Fernández, (IAES), Universidad de Alcalá de Henares and Raquel Llorente Heras, (IAES), Universidad de Alcalá de Henares

Highly skilled immigration is currently growing significantly and, given its specific features and possible strategic position in labour processes, the study of its effects is particularly important. This article analyses the labour impact of the presence of an immigrant population with higher education on the job opportunities of national workers in a selection of European countries that possess a large immigrant population of this type. After describing their most significant characteristics, various econometric estimates are used to establish the labour effect exerted by this group. The results indicate an effect that is negative, but only moderately, on the employment rates of the nationals of Spain, Germany, France and Switzerland, and even a slightly positive effect in the cases of Italy and the United Kingdom.

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DOI: doi.org/10.24241/AnuarioCIDOBInmi.2017.154

Keyword: Europe;  Immigration; Employment;  Tertiary education; Qualification; Occupations