Draft list of indicators and guidance notes

Fecha de publicación:
12/2021
Autor:
Francesco Pasetti and Elaine Lebon-McGregor
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ADMIGOV Deliverable 7.2 

In the last decade 16,2 million people applied for international protection. The number of border crossing grew more than five times in 2015 after the outbreak of the so-called refugee crisis. Five years later, more than 20,000 people have lost their lives in the Mediterranean Sea, trying to reach European shores. Others were stopped before, such as those intercepted by the Libyan Coast Guard (more than 3,000 in the first trimester of 2021, according to UNHCR) and jailed in inhumane centres, or the 3.6 million people currently seeking international protection in Turkey. As for those who managed to reach their destinations, in many cases, their fate was like that of the former: some remained trapped in degrading camps, others were left to their own devices, as reported by international organisations in Greece and Spain. These are outcomes of a migration governance increasingly concerned with border defence and inflows containment. Brought to the ground of security and control, the ideal of a “safe, orderly and regular migration” has turned to its opposite: today international human mobility is dangerous, messy and irregular.