ADMIGOV Deliberable 4.3 (2021)
This report details the protection practices for displaced Syrians in Lebanon by giving a general overview of the challenges displaced Syrians face through a literature review and by researching two different geographical locations: the coast, specifically the city of Saida, and the Bekaa, an inland valley bound by the Lebanese and anti-Lebanese mountain ranges. In this work package that looks at protection issues at the borderlands of Europe, Lebanon was unique as it doesn’t act as a point of transition in migrants’ journeys, rather an endpoint itself, as resettlement is often granted to a minority of the displaced Syrian population. While the concept of entry and exit points isn’t applicable to Lebanon, the Bekaa valley often serves as a point of entry as it’s closer to the Syrian border, while large coastal cities are more often a destination. Moreover, the most common shelter type in large coastal cities such as Saida includes residential and non-residential shelters (such as factories, garages, workshops, farmhouses, etc.), while in the Bekaa valley Informal Tented Settlements (ITS), i.e. nonpermanent shelters, are dominant. This dictates a difference in communal relations, employment opportunities, security in shelter and access to services such as healthcare and education.