Sayyid Ali Husayn Sistani: Revitalising the Najaf Marja’iyya in post-2003 Iraq

Fecha de publicación:
12/2020
Autor:
Antonella Caruso, Founder and Director, LAMEDINA Institute for International Dialogue
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Documents CIDOB (Nova època): 9

This article is an in-depth portrait of Sayyid Ali Husayn Sistani as a supreme religious authority (marja’ al-taqlid) in Shia Is- lam. It identifies his religious priorities in dealing with the post-2003 Iraqi state and examines his political interventions in the light of his traditional religious responsibilities as marja’.  Sistani’s  engagement in shaping the relationship between religion and state is a promising and on-going attempt to bring together the high tradition of (Shiite) Islam with good governance in an unstable and highly fragmented Iraq. In fact, his advocacy for al-hukm al-rashid (the right, well-guided government) refers more frequently to the modern pillars of govern- ance, such as rule of law, transparent and fair elections, inclusiveness and accountability than to classical religious teachings – and is mark- edly differentiated from the theocratic doctrine of  wilayat  al-faqih (the government of the jurist) in neighbouring Iran.

Key words:  Iraq, Sistani, Shi’ism-state relation, governance

E-ISSN: 2339-9570
D.L.: B 11.000-2014