Matteo GARAVOGLIA

Matteo Garavoglia

Investigador sénior asociado

  • Líneas de investigación geográficas: Europa.

Experiencia profesional

El Dr. Matteo Garavoglia es investigador asociado en el Departamento de Política y Relaciones Internacionales de la Universidad de Oxford, investigador sénior asociado en CIDOB (Centre d’Informació i Documentació Internacionals a Barcelona), profesor adjunto en la Hertie School of Governance de Berlín e investigador senior y Director en el European Movement International en Bruselas. Dirige el proyecto Esfera Pública Europea: un esfuerzo de investigación que involucra a los principales actores de las empresas, los medios de comunicación y de la política para desarrollar propuestas orientadas a políticas específicas destinadas a europeizar las esferas públicas nacionales.
Anteriormente, fue miembro del programa Italia en el Centro de Brookings Institution en los Estados Unidos y Europa en Washington DC. También fue profesor adjunto en la Escuela Paul H. Nitze de Estudios Internacionales Avanzados de la Universidad Johns Hopkins, profesor invitado en la Universidad Bocconi de Milán  e investigador en el Centre d'Etudes Européennes de Sciences Po en París y asistente de investigación en la London School of Economics and Political Science. El Dr. Garavoglia ha sido conferenciante entre otras en la Universidad de Harvard, la Universidad de Princeton, la Universidad de Columbia y la Universidad de Georgetown. Su trabajo ha sido publicado o citado por, entre otros, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, National Interest, the Atlantic, Voice of America, ABC News, NBC News, National Public Radio, China Global Television Network, Bloomberg, Fortune , The Washington Post, Al Jazeera, Politico, Deutsche Welle, CNN, Foreign Policy and Foreign Affairs. Estudió en la Universidad de Londres (BA), en el Centre d'études européennes de Sciences Po Paris (MA) y en la Freie Universität Berlin (PhD). El Dr. Garavoglia vivió en doce países diferentes en cuatro continentes,  habla italiano, inglés, español, francés y algo de Alemán.

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Euractiv - 4/11/2021

How to prevent Europe from stalling

Matteo Garavoglia, Associate Senior Researcher at CIDOB, analyses how national elections – in Germany and France – may deprive Europe of political leadership for most of 2022 in this article for Euractiv: “German citizens have voted. As the negotiations to form a coalition are likely to last until Christmas, Europe’s most prominent country will not be able to provide real leadership for Europe for at least three months. By January, France will also be in the midst of an election campaign for presidential elections (scheduled for April) and then for parliamentary elections (scheduled for June). Therefore, Europe’s second most important political and economic power will not be able to exercise serious political leadership for the first six months of 2022. And then come July and August: holiday season in Europe. By September next year, we will thus have experienced a period of more than 12 months in which the two most important countries in Europe will not have been able to express serious political leadership because of their different electoral calendars. This is nothing new. In 2017, France voted for a new president in April and then for a new parliament in June. Soon after, Germans went to the polls in September and took six months to conclude coalition negotiations and form a government in March 2018. Already at the time, for a whole year, the two leading countries in Europe were unable to launch serious policy initiatives and reform proposals because they were busy running their own election campaigns and then forming their governments. Given the extraordinary challenges that European countries face (from climate change to pandemics to immigration, to name but a few), it seems absurd that national political systems repeatedly produce such paralysis. The lack of coordination in electoral cycles makes it extremely difficult to promote the reforms we so desperately need to tackle the huge problems our societies face. To solve this problem, the solution seems, in theory, simple. It would be enough to synchronise the elections of the national parliaments with the elections of the European Parliament, and thus the elections of the different national parliaments with each other. This would have an extraordinary impact on the quality of European democracy and the legislative processes connected to it. We could really vote at the same time as Europeans, even at national level as far as internal competences are concerned. Then we could seriously start working together as Europeans. In practice, the solution seems much more complex. However, to initiate this kind of reform, not all European countries need to agree. Each country could approve the reform as and when national conditions permit. Unanimity of the 27 EU member states would not be necessary. It would be enough for two or three large states to commit themselves to promote a domino effect through which other countries could follow suit. Belgium, to begin with, has already done it. The pioneering countries that commit themselves first to this initiative would have the opportunity to dictate the legislative agenda throughout both the European and their own electoral cycles. This reform would also strengthen national parliaments by enabling them to coordinate their efforts to promote EU-wide legislation. Finally, it would help to stabilise the situation in countries characterised by chronic political instability by significantly reducing the incentives to terminate legislatures before their natural expiry dates. Studies on the legal and constitutional feasibility of this intervention in various European countries have already been carried out, and such a proposal could already be shared with the main European governments. What is needed is will. Our political, business and intellectual leaderships must have the historical foresight and political courage to promote such an initiative. The Conference on the Future of Europe could be the right place for this conversation to take place.”