Foreign Policy Dialogues “Israel-Gaza War: Future of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict and Perspectives on Negotiations”

Amid ongoing conflict in Gaza and escalating violence in response to this war, is it credible to discuss peace? What does a political solution in Israel and Palestine demand? More importantly, what factors would contribute to the success of negotiations? To tackle these questions, this year's edition of the Foreign Policy Dialogues will serve as a platform to assess the current conflict's magnitude at local, regional, and international levels, and to explore the conditions under which we could envision credible negotiations for a political resolution of this conflict.

ACTIVIDAD REALIZADA
19 abril 2024 - 10:00h
LOCALIZACIÓN: CIDOB, Jordi Maragall room, Elisabets, 12, 08001 Barcelona
ORGANIZADO POR: CIDOB with the support of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation

COLABORADORES (1):

Objetivo

Given its magnitude and devastating consequences, the ongoing Israel-Hamas war undeniably marks a turning point for the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and for the entire region. Israel's military response to coordinated attacks by Hamas, resulting in nearly 1,140 deaths, mostly civilians, and the abduction of around 240 Israelis, has killed over 33,600 Palestinians, with nearly 70% being women and children. Additionally, more than 80% of Palestinians in the Gaza Strip have been forcibly displaced from their homes and lands. 

As the war continues in the Gaza Strip, violence in the West Bank has reached to levels not seen since the Second Intifada. Clashes between Israeli settlers and Palestinians, coupled with increased Israeli military raids in the West Bank, have already claimed the lives of more than 460 Palestinians. Furthermore, the feared regionalisation of the conflict has become a reality. While relatively contained to specific areas, the clashes between the Israeli Defence Forces (IDF) and Hezbollah do not rule out a potential escalation of violence. Emerging tension points in the Red Sea, Syria, Iraq and Jordan have drawn the United States and a few allies into confrontation with armed groups aligned with the “axis of resistance”. The recent Iranian attack on Israel, in response to an Israeli strike on the Iranian consulate in Damascus, could have unpredictable consequences for the whole region. 

Regardless of the outcome of this conflict, one thing is certain in Israel, the Palestinian Occupied Territories, and the Middle East: there will be no turning back. While calls for a ceasefire in Gaza go unanswered, and despite the failure of various negotiation attempts between Israel and Hamas, some international actors are cautiously starting to call for peace. At the EU level, The High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/ Vice-President of the Commission Josep Borell outlined a 12-point peace plan in January 2024. While the practical conditions for its implementation seem challenging at present, the underlying idea of the plan enjoys consensus within the international community: the resolution to this conflict must involve the establishment of a Palestinian state alongside Israel. 

Amid ongoing conflict in Gaza and escalating violence in response to this war, is it credible to discuss peace? What does a political solution in Israel and Palestine demand? More importantly, what factors would contribute to the success of negotiations? To tackle these questions, this year's edition of the Foreign Policy Dialogues will serve as a platform to assess the current conflict's magnitude at local, regional, and international levels, and to explore the conditions under which we could envision credible negotiations for a political resolution of this conflict.

Archivos

Participantes

SPEAKERS

Zaid Amali

Zaid Amali

Public Discourse and Communication Programme Director, MIFTAH

Haizam Amirah Fernández

Haizam Amirah Fernández

Haizam, Senior Analyst, Elcano Royal Institute

Inés Arco

Inés Arco

Researcher, CIDOB

Pol Bargués

Pol Bargués

Senior Research Fellow, CIDOB

Mariam Barghouti

Mariam Barghouti

Policy analyst and journalist (online)

Julien Barnes-Dacey

Julien Barnes-Dacey

Director of the MENA Programme, European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR); Associate Senior Researcher, CIDOB

Moussa Bourekba

Moussa Bourekba

Research Fellow, CIDOB

Víctor Burguete

Víctor Burguete

Senior Research Fellow, CIDOB

Emmanuel Cohen-Hadria

Emmanuel Cohen-Hadria

Director of the Euro-Mediterranean Policies Department, European Institute of the Mediterranean, IEMed

Akram Ezzamouri

Akram Ezzamouri

Researcher, Istituto Affari Internazionali, IAI

Senén Florensa

Senén Florensa

Executive President, European Institute of the Mediterranean, IEMed

Gabriel Garroum

Gabriel Garroum

Postdoctoral Researcher, Research Group in International Public Law and International Relations, Pompeu Fabra University (UPF)

Luca Gervasoni

Luca Gervasoni

Founder and Director, NOVACT – International Institute for Nonviolent Action

Francis Ghilès

Francis Ghilès

Senior Research Associate, CIDOB

Karim Makdisi

Karim Makdisi

Associate Professor of International Politics, American University in Beirut

Yossi Mekelberg

Yossi Mekelberg

Associate Fellow, Middle East and North Africa Programme, Chatham House

Oscar Monterde

Oscar Monterde

Professor at the Department of Economic History, Institutions, World Politics and Economy, University of Barcelona (UB)

Michelle Pace

Michelle Pace

Professor of Global Studies, Roskilde University

Pablo Pérez Guerreira

Pablo Pérez Guerreira

Deputy Director General for the Middle East, Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation

Claudia Saba

Claudia Saba

Adjunct Professor of International Reations, Blanquerna-University Ramon Llull

Fabian Schöppner

Fabian Schöppner

Researcher, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen

Leila Seurat

Leila Seurat

Researcher, Centre arabe de recherche et d'études politiques de Paris

Antoni Segura

Antoni Segura

President, CIDOB

Eduard Soler

Eduard Soler

Associate Professor of International Relations, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; Associate Senior Researcher, CIDOB

Alaa Tartir

Alaa Tartir

Senior Researcher and Director of the MENA Programme, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

Lurdes Vidal

Lurdes Vidal

Professor of International Relations, Institut Barcelona, d’Estudis Internacionals (IBEI) and Blanquerna-Ramon Llull University

Pere Vilanova

Pere Vilanova

Emeritus Professor of Political Science and the Administration, Faculty of Law, University of Barcelona (UB); Associate Senior Researcher, CIDOB

Foreign Policy Dialogues “Israel-Gaza War: Future of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict and Perspectives on Negotiations” ACTIVIDAD REALIZADA

10:00h Welcome and objectives of the Foreign Policy Dialogue

Antoni Segura, President, Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB)

Moussa Bourekba, Research Fellow, Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB)

10:05h Opening remarks

Pablo Pérez Guerreira, Deputy Director General for the Middle East, Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation

10:15h Examining the War’s Impact and Peace Prospects in Israel and Palestine

Moderated by   Moussa Bourekba, Research Fellow, Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB) 

Initial inputs      Mariam Barghouti, Policy analyst and journalist (online)

                         Yossi Mekelberg, Associate Fellow of the MENA Programme, Chatham House

                         Leila Seurat, Researcher, Centre arabe de recherche et d'études politiques de Paris                

What are the consequences of the war in Israel and the Occupied Palestinian territories?How can these consequences affect the prospect of escalating violence or the prospect of a settlement of this conflict?

11:30h Coffee break

12:00h Impact Beyond Borders: Assessing Regional Ramifications and Pathways for Post-War Engagement

Moderated by   Karim Makdisi, Associate Professor of International Politics, American University in Beirut 

Initial inputs      Julien Barnes-Dacey,Director of the MENA Programme, ECFR; Associate Senior Researcher, Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB)

                         Alaa Tartir, Senior Researcher and Director of the MENA Programme, SIPRI

What are the spillover effects of this war on the neighboring countries? How will this conflict impact the regional order? Can we anticipate increased involvement from regional powers? What role can regional powers play in future negotiations between Israelis and Palestinians?

13:30h Lunch

14:30h Prospects of peace and de-escalation: What Role for the European Union?

Moderated by   Michelle Pace, Professor of Global Studies, Roskilde University 

Initial inputs      Eduard Soler, Associate Professor of International Relations, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona;  Associate Senior Researcher, Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB)

                         Zaid Amali, Public Discourse and Communication Programme Director, MIFTAH

How has the war affected the perceptions of Israelis and Palestinians towards global powers? Under what conditions is de-escalation possible in Israel and the OPTs? What role can the European Union play in resolving this conflict?

16:00h Wrap-up and next steps

Moussa Bourekba, Research Fellow, CIDOB (Barcelona Centre for International Affairs)