Policy Research Papers
A series of discussions were held in Kabul in mid April 2016 with current and former politicians, local government experts, NGOs, civil society and the media/private sector1. With the upcoming closure of the Sources of Tension in Afghanistan & Pakistan: A Regional Perspective policy research project in autumn 2016, the aim was to provide policymakers in Europe
with the feedback and inputs from Kabul that will assist them to shape their policies towards Afghanistan, for the coming decade.
The discussions centred around three main questions, though equal weight was not always given to each by those interviewed.
• Expectations for addressing the sources of tension in Afghanistan that also have implications for the region (governance, socio-economic issues, ethnicity and sectarianism, conflict, militancy, radicalisation)
• Expectations from Europe, the West, and the five involved regional powers (Russia, China, Iran, India, Saudi Arabia)
• Whether and how events in 2015 have influenced these sets of expectations