Some 15 months ago the Commission launched a drive to reinvigorate the Barcelona Process, recognising the potential still locked up in the Euro-Mediterranean area, and the need to generate new momentum. Since then, the terrible events of 11 September 2001 have imparted new urgency and even greater importance to those efforts. In the second half of the 20th Century the world was divided by an Iron Curtain separating East from West, and Europe from itself. In the first half of the 21st Century it must be a cardinal European objective that the Mediterranean region does not come to represent a new fault-line. Rather, the region must be a source of dynamism, creativity and exchange, which has been the harvest of cultural diversity through the ages.