Gemma Pinyol Jiménez, Associate Researcher, CIDOB
Elena Sánchez-Montijano, Researcher Fellow, CIDOB
Documents CIDOB (New era): 5
Nationality gives immigrants equality of rights and obligations and ensures their recognition by society as equals within the legal framework. Naturalisation is, from the theoretical and practical point of view, a fundamental step towards integration. However, the naturalization process in Spain is developed within a framework of legal differentiation by origin and high discretion in the hands of the competent authorities. This process is causing differences between groups (inter-group) according to origin, language and culture, as well as intragroup differences in relation to factors such as age, gender or education. One of the main consequences of this process is the emergence of a feeling of rejection and hostility both towards the process itself and towards Spanish citizenship in general. In this context the present document contains a set of recommendations.
Keywords: nationality, immigration, differentiation, integration, Spain