The Naturalisation based on Residence Process in Spain: Differences that Discriminate?

The Naturalisation Based on Residence Process in Spain: Differences that Discriminate?

Publication date:
06/2015
Author:
Gemma Pinyol Jiménez, Associate Researcher, CIDOB and Elena Sánchez-Montijano, Researcher Fellow, CIDOB
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Gemma Pinyol Jiménez, Associate Researcher, CIDOB

Elena Sánchez-Montijano, Researcher Fellow, CIDOB

Documents CIDOB (New era): 5

 

Nationality gives immigrants equality of rights and obligations and ensures their recognition by society as equals within the legal framework. Naturalisation is, from the theo­retical and practical point of view, a fundamental step towards integration. However, the naturalization process in Spain is developed within a framework of legal differentiation by ori­gin and high discretion in the hands of the competent authori­ties. This process is causing differences between groups (in­ter-group) according to origin, language and culture, as well as intragroup differences in relation to factors such as age, gen­der or education. One of the main consequences of this proc­ess is the emergence of a feeling of rejection and hostility both towards the process itself and towards Spanish citizenship in general. In this context the present document contains a set of recommendations.

Keywords: nationality, immigration, differentiation, integration, Spain

E-ISSN: 2339-9570
D.L.: B 11.000-2014