Detect to prevent: strategies for countering violent extremism in Spain

Publication date:
Moussa Bourekba Investigador, CIDOB (Barcelona Centre for International Affairs)

This article analyses strategies for preventing and countering violent extremism in Spain since the Madrid attacks in 2004. Initially concerned with anticipating the terrorist threat by means of police, military, and legal measures, these strategies have gradually incorporated approaches and measures that address the phenomenon of radicalisation. It is argued that the advent of the battle to “counter violent extremism” (CVE) and for the “prevention of violent extremism” (PVE) represents a step forward in the approach to terrorism since its target is not terrorism as such but the factors and conditions that can lead to it. In the case of Spain, CVE and PVE policies come together in the present strategy against violent radicalisation. 

Key words: radicalisation, terrorism, prevention, preventing violent extremism (PVE), countering violent extremism (CVE), Spain

Moussa Bourekba, investigador, CIDOB (Barcelona Centre for International Affairs). ORCID:

How to cite this article:  Bourekba, Moussa. «Detectar para prevenir: las estrategias para combatir el extremismo violento en España». Revista CIDOB d’Afers Internacionals, n.º 128 (septiembre de 2021), p. 81-104. DOI:

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