The ‘other’ as a threat: beyond the 1994 Rwanda genocide

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David Ngendo Tshimba

The country of Rwanda can best be considered to be an exceptional African Great Lakes country, supposing that all the others remain rather normal. Rwanda as a state thus remains an unusual nation-state borne out of complex as well as deep-seated ethnological realities. Studies in social anthropology and mythical history on Rwandan society reveal that there exist differing narratives between the three major "ethnic communities" of Hutu, Tutsi and Twa. They show that Rwanda’s past is recollected, memorised, and passed on with some sentiments of both victimhood and heroism.