Literature Review

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In this chapter, I aim to provide a literature review of Egyptian food subsidies by drawing on previous publications in academia, policy papers, and official documents from Egyptian ministries that have already studied this topic. Section 1.1 will focus on the modern history and implementation of Egyptian food subsidies as well as key policy reforms that have been put forward by the Egyptian state and international organisations to resolve issues specific to food subsidy schemes over time. Section 1.2 will then focus on studies that have solely examined the baladi bread subsidy regime, one of the more contentious subsidies provided by the Egyptian state.