Associated Researchers

  • Carmen Claudín

    Carmen CLAUDÍN

    Associate Senior Researcher

    Senior Research Fellow at CIDOB, Barcelona Centre for International Affairs, where she has been the Director of Research since 1998 and previously Deputy Director from September 1999. She was awarded a Master's in Philosophy from the University of the Sorbonne, Paris, where she studied a postgraduate course in Philosophy and History, specialising in Russian and Soviet history. Her book on Lenin and the Cultural Revolution has been translated in different languages. She has written various chapters for other books and articles in magazines and newspapers related with Soviet and post Soviet issues. From 1990 to 1992, she has been member of the High Task Force Group on Soviet Union of the European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS), Paris, together with other European experts. Her main areas of interest are: Russia and Ukraine's domestic and foreign policies, conflicts in the post-Soviet space, the transformation of post-Soviet society and reform processes in the former Soviet countries. She is a member of the Executive Board of the Migration Policy Group, Brussels, and Member of the Editorial Board of Foreign Policy, Spanish edition, Madrid. She has travelled extensively throughout Russia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Central Asia, and the Balkans. Prior to establishing residence in Barcelona in 1976, she lived in Soviet Union and France. She speaks Spanish, French, Catalan, English and Russian.

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  • Josep Maria COLL

    Josep Maria COLL

    Associate senior researcher

    Doctor in International Economics, Master in European Economics and graduate in Business Administration and Management from the Autonomous University of Barcelona. Specialist in international marketing, innovation, leadership and development, Coll is currently director of the EU-Asia Global Business Research Center at EADA Business School, researcher and adjunct professor at the Maastricht School of Management and Blanquerna - Ramon Llull University, senior research associate at CIDOB Barcelona Centre for International Affairs and consultant to the European Commission and United Nations. He has worked in Europe, America, Africa and Asia, where he was the founding director of the Center for Business Promotion of the Catalonia Government (ACCIO) in South Korea and adjunct professor at the University of Yonsei and Hankuk University in Seoul. Consultant for companies and public and private organizations. His current areas of research focus on cities and urban development, global oriental management, social innovation and human leadership. He is the author of the book “Zen Business”.

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  • Carme Colomina

    Carme COLOMINA SALÓ

    Associate Researcher

    Graduate in Information Science from the Autonomous University of Barcelona and postgraduate in European Union Studies from the UOC. She has been head of international affairs and, from 1997 to 2001, correspondent of Catalunya Ràdio in Brussels, where she also worked with international media including the BBC and Deutsche Welle. She has covered international summits in some 20 countries and the war in Afghanistan in 2001. She has worked as an adviser on various communication projects in the European and Euro-Mediterranean sphere, and was Head of Interregional Cooperation in the Department of Foreign Affairs of the Generalitat. She teaches on institutional and political dynamics of the European Union. She is a frequent contributor to various media organs as an analyst of European current affairs. Her main areas of work are: the European Union, its institutions and external relations.

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  • Malaiz DAUZ

    Malaiz DAUD

    Associate Researcher

    He is a political analyst with an M.A. in Post-War Recovery from the University of York. A Chevening and OSI scholar and a Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES) fellow, he has worked for both governmental agencies and NGOs. He was one of the organizers of Afghanistan’s Constitutional Loya Jirga in 2004 and the Kabul Conference in 2010. Malaiz has also headed Afghan Development Association (ADA) and Institute for War and Peace Reporting (IWPR) in Afghanistan. He is a founding member of the Afghan Youth Foundation for Unity (AYFUn) and Young Leaders Forum (YLF). Malaiz has provided consultancy services to the Post-War Reconstruction and Development Unit (PRDU) of the University of York, Center for International Peace Operations (ZIF) and Barcelona Center for International Affairs (CIDOB), amongst others. He currently sits on the Board of Directors of Peace Training and Research Organization (PTRO) and was previously an elected member of the Steering Committee of Agency Coordinating Body for Afghan Relief (ACBAR) and a member of Board of Directors of Human Rights Research and Advocacy Consortium (HRRAC) and Afghan Civil Society Forum (ACSF). Mr. Daud’s main research theme is political leadership. He is the author of the STAP RP Quarterly Monitoring Briefs on Afghanistan (2013), and a paper for the STAP RP on the country’s political landscape (2014).

  • Eran FRAENKEL

    Eran FRAENKEL

    Associate Senior Researcher

    Dr. Eran Fraenkel is a cultural historian of the Balkans who, since 1994, has been engaged in the NGO sector, focusing on fragile and transitional societies. Fraenkel’s work combines a needs-based assessment and evaluation methodology with a theory of change program-design model. His approach involves a mult-valent situational analysis that evaluates the relative weight of (K)nowledge, (A)ttitudes, and (B)ehaviors as root causes or triggers of conflict. As essential components of problem solving, identified K-A-B factors are mapped against key actors (conflict generators and conflict solvers) and are measured on a 5-stage ”ladder of change” matrix. From 1994 to 2008, Fraenkel served as country director for Search for Common Ground in Macedonia and Indonesia, and as SE Europe Regional Director based in Brussels. As of 2008 Fraenkel has been consulting internationally on a broad scope of programming for social change. He has conducted formative assessments, held trainings, run program design workshops, and prepared summative evaluations in the Balkans, Indonesia, the Middle East, Nigeria, Kenya, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Myanmar and Eritrea. His assignments for the US Institute of Peace in Afghanistan resulted in two cutting-edge publications: Media in Afghanistan - Challenges and Opportunities for Peacebuilding (2010); and IONA – the Intended Outcomes Needs Assessment methodology (2011). Since 2011 Fraenkel has expanded on his methodology and has trained civil society organizations and media producers in his Intended Outcomes Social Change Assessment Methodology. Most recently Fraenkel consulted for the World Bank in Macedonia to analyze the dynamics of social inclusion and exclusion and to design a “social accountability filter” to prevent the Bank’s projects from becoming unintended triggers of conflict. Dr. Fraenkel currently resides in Barcelona.

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  • Juan Garrigues

    Juan GARRIGUES

    Associate Senior Researcher

    Graduated in International Politics from the University of Virginia; Master's in International Studies from the Complutense University of Madrid. Currently, Senior Research Fellow Associate and a Special Adviser at the Dialogue Advisory Group, an organization focused on mediation and political dialogue in conflict countries based in Amsterdam. He has previously worked as a Foreign Policy adviser in the Spanish Prime Minister's office, in Spanish think tanks FRIDE and CITpax, and in the Department of Political Affairs of the Secretariat of the United Nations. He has extensive on-the-ground experience as a long and short-term electoral observer, drafting country reports, and with the NGO ACTED in Afghanistan. His main areas of interest are conflict mediation, peace-building and fragile states.

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  • Francis Ghilès

    Francis GHILÈS

    Associate Senior Researcher

    Graduate with honours in Political Science from Grenoble, he has been awarded postgraduate degrees from St Antony's College, Oxford and the University of Keele. Specialises in security, financial and energy trends in Europe and the Western Mediterranean. He has written on international capital markets for Euromoney and the Financial Times. He was the FT's North Africa Correspondent from 1981 to 1995. Francis Ghilès is also a freelancer for newspapers including The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Le Monde, El Pais and La Vanguardia. He is a frequent commentator in the broadcasting media, notably the BBC World Service. He has acted as adviser to Western governments (UK, France and the US) and to major European, American and Japanese corporations working in North Africa. His interests are focused on analysing emerging trends concerning gas and linking them with the political priorities of Spain, Europe and the USA.

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  • Sean Golden

    Seán GOLDEN

    Associate Senior Researcher

    PhD in Literature Theory, University of Connecticut (USA). Lecturer in East Asian Studies, Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB) and ex-Dean of the Faculty of Translation and Interpreting (UAB); Director of the Institute for International and Intercultural Studies (UAB); Member of the Advisory Board of Casa Asia (Barcelona); Patron of the Fundación Consejo España-China; Member of the Board of Directors, Venice International University. Member of the Advisory Board of the ASEM Educational Hub (ASEM); Member of the Board of Directors of the European Research School Network of Contemporary East Asian Studies. His research work involves different research projects on comparative cultural studies and the construction of political discourse in China, as well as the study of intercultural dynamics in the information society. He collaborates regularly with institutions and the media as one of the leading experts on China based in Spain.

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  • Susanne Gratius

    Susanne GRATIUS

    Associate Senior Researcher

    Professor of International Relations at the Law Faculty of the Autonomous University of Madrid. She was senior researcher at FRIDE from 2005 to 2013 and associate professor for international relations at the Complutense University of Madrid. Prior to her current position, she worked as a researcher at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP) in Berlin and at the Ibero-American Studies Institute (IIK, now GIGA) in Hamburg. Until 1999, she was coordinator at the European-Latin American Relations Institute (IRELA), Madrid. She holds a PhD in Political Science from the University of Hamburg and the Complutense University of Madrid.Her research focuses on EU-Latin American relations, EU/Spain and Latin American foreign policy, Cuba, Venezuela, Brazil, and emerging powers. 

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  • Emma HOOPER, Senior Research Fellow Associate, CIDOB

    Emma HOOPER

    Associate Senior Researcher

    Associate Senior Researcher at CIDOB and Project Director for the CIDOB project "Sources of Tension in Afghanistan & Pakistan: A Regional perspective", Dr. Hooper is a specialist in South Asia and the Middle East. She has a degree in Middle Eastern History from the School of Oriental & African Studies, London, and a PhD from the London School of Economics. She has worked as an Independent Consultant for the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the UN, the OECD and bilateral government aid programmes, including in the areas of governance, socio-economic development and poverty reduction, for over 25 years. From 2008-2011, she taught business strategy at EADA business school in Barcelona. Dr. Hooper speaks Arabic, Farsi and Urdu, as well as Spanish, French and Italian. She has lived in 7 countries on four continents, including Kuwait, Lebanon, and Pakistan, where she was based full time from 2004-2008. She now lives in Madrid. Her current interests include the intersect between the political economy, development and change.

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  • Andrey Makarychev

    Andrey MAKARYCHEV

    Associate Researcher

    Dr. Andrey Makarychev is Professor of Government and Politics at the University of Tartu, Estonia, and Associate Senior Researcher at CIDOB. His areas of expertise are Russia - EU relations, post-Soviet countries, mega-events in Eastern Europe and Eurasia, and issues of biopolitics. His record of previous institutional affiliations includes George Mason University (Fairfax, VA), Center for Conflict Studies (ETH, Zurich), Danish Institute of International Studies (DIIS), and Nizhny Novgorod Linguistic University. He is a co-editor of a book “Changing Political and Economic Regimes in Russia” (Routledge, 2013), an author of numerous articles published by Global Governance, International Spectator, European Regional and Urban Studies, Problems of Post-Communism, Demokratizatsiya, Journal of International Relations and Development, Cooperation and Conflict, Europe-Asia Studies, Journal of Eurasian Studies, Turkish Foreign Policy Review, Welttrends and other international journals, as well as book chapters in edited volumes published by Ashgate, Palgrave Macmillan, Nomos, etc.

  • Oscar Mateos

    Oscar MATEOS MARTÍN

    ASSOCIATE RESEARCHER

    Doctor in International Relations with European mention, by the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), postgraduate degree in Culture of Peace and BA in Political Science and Administration. He is currently professor and coordinator of the Degree of International Relations at the School of Communication and International Relations Blanquerna (Universitat Ramon Llull). He has focused his study on issues related to the analysis of armed conflicts and post-conflict peacebuilding processes in Africa, especially in the West African region. He has worked in the School of Culture of Peace (UAB) several years and collaborated with organizations such as Médicos Sin Fronteras in South Sudan or Conciliation Resources  in Sierra Leone. He was visiting professor at the University of Sierra Leone (Fourah Bay College) between 2006 and 2008 and visiting research at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) (University of London). He has edited and co-edited several books on the challenges of peace and security in sub-Saharan Africa, and published several articles and monographs on conflict and peacebuilding in the region. In 2008 he won the "Casa Africa Prize" for the best essay on democratization processes in sub-Saharan Africa.

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  • Salvador Martí i Puig

    Salvador MARTÍ i PUIG

    Associate Researcher

    Graduate in Political Science at the Autonomous University of Barcelona, Master's in South American History and PhD in Political Science. Currently holds the post of Lecturer at the University of Salamanca. He has been a Research Fellow at the Institute of Latin American Studies of the University of London, and a guest researcher at CIDE, the College of Mexico and the Institute des Éstudes Politiques of Lille. His specific research area is political participation and Latin American policy, with particular emphasis on the countries of Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean, and on the emergence of indigenous identities in the region. He also works as an external consultant for international organisations such as the UNDP and the IDB on matters of development and policy. He collaborates with CIDOB on South American issues.

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  • Rafael Martínez

    Rafael MARTÍNEZ

    Associate Senior Researcher

    Professor of Political Science and the Administration from the University of Barcelona. Graduate in Law from the universities of Zaragoza and Pau (France). Gained a DEA from the latter university and Doctor of Law from the University of Zaragoza. Extraordinary prize of Doctorate and national prize for research into peace, security and defence from the Ministry of Defence in 2003. He has worked as an assistant lecturer at the universities of Pau and Zaragoza. Tutor for UNED and contributor to the UOC. He has been a guest lecturer at Lyon II, Montpellier I, the University Católica of Uruguay and the Centroamericana of El Salvador. He has been a guest researcher at the Fondation Nationale des Sciences Polítiques in Paris. Notable works: Sistemas de gobierno, partidos y territorio (2000) together with Cesáreo R. Aguilera de Prat (published by Tecnos), La elección presidencial mediante doble vuelta en Latinoamérica (2004, published by ICPS), La seguridad desde las dos orillas (2006) together with Joseph S. Tulchin (published by CIDOB) and Los mandos de las Fuerzas Armadas españolas del siglo XXI (2007, published by CIS).

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  • Sergio Maydeu Olivares

    Sergio MAYDEU OLIVARES

    ASSOCIATE RESEARCHER

    Graduated in History, Rovira y Virgili University, Postgraduate Diploma in International Studies and in European Studies. His broad experience in project and NGOs management has been gained in Latin America and in Spain. Experienced in project evaluation and in technical consultancy, having worked for several research centers, as well as Spanish and European public institutions. As an international security analyst and Op-ed author, he collaborates with various research centers and media. His research areas include the study and analysis of armed conflicts, international security and humanitarian studies.

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  • Diego Muro

    Diego MURO

    Associate Senior Researcher

     Diego Muro is Research Associate at the Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB) and Assistant Professor at the Institut Barcelona d'Estudis Internacionals (IBEI). Prior to joining IBEI he was Associate Professor in European Studies at King's College London, Max Weber Postdoctoral Fellow at the European University Institute (EUI) and Senior Fellow at St Antony’s College, University of Oxford. He holds a PhD in Political Science from the London School of Economics (2004), a Masters degree in EU studies from the University of Sussex (1999) and a BA in Politics from the Autonomous University of Barcelona (1998).His main research interests are comparative politics, nationalism and ethnic conflict, security studies and terrorism and counter-terrorism. He has authored four books with Routledge entitled Ethnicity and Violence (2008), The Politics and Memory of Democratic Transition (2009), ETA’s Terrorist Campaign: From Violence to Politics (2016) and When Does Terrorism Work? (forthcoming). His work has also been published in the following scholarly journals: Afers Internacionals, Ethnic and Racial Studies, Mediterranean Politics, Nations and Nationalism, Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, Politics, Revista Española de Ciencia Política, South European Society & Politics, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, and West European Politics. A copy of his publications can be downloaded from https://ibei.academia.edu/DiegoMuro

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  • Agnieszka Nimark

    Agnieszka NIMARK

    Associate Senior Researcher

    She holds a PhD in Law from the European University Institute, Florence, Italy. Dr. Nimark also holds a Master in International Public Law and International Organisations from the University Paris I–Panthéon-Sorbonne and a Master in Journalism from the Institute of Political Science and Journalism, University of Poznan, Poland. She previously worked at the EU Institute for Security Studies in Paris where she directed a research project on EU civilian crisis management. Dr. Nimark was also affiliated with the European Law Centre at the University of New South Wales, Sydney. Her main areas of research are: the evolution of the Collective Security and Peacekeeping System in the post-Cold War period, the role of regional actors in conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict situations, institutional developments and legal framework of the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy, EU involvement in crisis management.Currently her research focuses on global safety governance and stability at lower nuclear numbers. Between 2014 and 2017 Agnieszka Nimark holds a Visiting Scholar position at the Judith Reppy Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies at Cornell University, Ithaca, NY. 

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  • Yolanda ONGHENA DUYVEWAERDT

    Yolanda ONGHENA DUYVEWAERDT

    Associate Senior Researcher

     Academic training in history of art and theatre at the University of Gent and the Koninklijk Conservatorium; Master's degree in euro-arabic studies from the University of Girona. From 1995 she coordinates international seminars whose analyze the debate on intercultural dynamics in collaboration with several universities (Gent Universiteit, Université de la Sorbonne, Université de Toulouse-le-Mirail, Université Mohammed V, Rabat and Bilgi University, Istanbul. She shares her vision with students and professionals through punctual interventions in masters and workshops, and more specifically in a forum for young researchers from different universities and disciplines in order to discuss the intercultural dynamics that cross their research. She has organized and participated in international meetings on intercultural issues (Rabat, Ghent, Istanbul, Copenhagen, Almaty, Paris, Berlin, Tunis, Casablanca, Ciudad Juarez, Genua, etc.). She collaborates with articles in international publications. Currently she is associate senior researcher and her research topics are: cross-cultural relationships, the intercultural in discourses: stereotypes/prejudices, intercultural from outside reflections of the West, tourism as an area of contact between cultures. Recently she published a book entitled: 'Pensar la mezcla. Un relato intercultural“ (Gedisa) which places the intercultural relations as a simultaneous awareness with their sequences of similarity and difference. She was visiting lecturer at the Nagoya city University, Japan. (2016)

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  • Gabriel Reyes Lenguen

    Gabriel REYES LEGUEN

    Associate Researcher

    Is the Director of Project Development at CITpax and Associate Research Fellow, CIDOB’s STAP-RP Policy Research Project.He holds degrees from the Universidad Pontificia Comillas (BA Law, Madrid), Cardiff Law School, and King’s College London (MA International Peace and Security). He was Foreign Policy Adviser in the Spanish Prime Minister’s Office and has held a number of positions at CITpax in the Conflict Prevention and Resolution; and the Middle East and Mediterranean Programmes.Prior to joining CITpax he worked as a researcher at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law, the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS, London), the Political Committee of NATO Parliamentary Assembly (Brussels) as well as the Club of Madrid.

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  • Eloi Serrano i Robles

    Eloi SERRANO i ROBLES

    ASSOCIATE RESEARCHER

    Eloi Serrano (PhD) is the Director of the Social Economics Chair in the Tecnocampus - Pompeu Fabra University and Associate Professor in Business Economics in the same university. He is also a lecturer in the Department of History and Economic Institutions at the University of Barcelona.  Eloi holds a PhD in Economic History from the Autonomous University of Barcelona (2012), which won the Research Prize of the Ernest Lluch Foundation (2008). His research interests are on international economic relations and the internationalization of companies – with a special focus on the relationships between Spain and Latin America. He has published several books, book chapters and articles in scientific journals on this topic. Other fields of research include those related to Social Economics and cooperativism in companies. Prior to his current appointments, he was a lecturer at the Department of Economics and Economic History in Autonomous University of Barcelona (2005-2011) and a visiting scholar at the London School of Economics and Political Science (2010). He has also been Principal Investigator of the Pasqual Maragall Legacy Program of the Catalonia Europe Foundation (2012-2015). 

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  • John Slocum

    John SLOCUM

    VISITING RESEARCHER

    John Slocum holds a PhD in Political Science from the University of Chicago, with a specialization in comparative politics and Russian studies. He worked for eighteen years (1997-2016) at the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, a private grantmaking institution headquartered in Chicago and active in more than sixty countries. At MacArthur, he served as Director of the Initiative on Global Migration and Human Mobility (2006-2012) and the Migration Program Area (2012-2016). In these roles, he directed grantmaking on international migration governance, the relationship between migration and development, immigration policy in the United States, and migrant rights and labor migration in Mexico. He also directed the MacArthur Foundation's Higher Education Initiative in Russia (2005-2013), providing support to independent universities, thinks tanks, academic journals, and scholarly networks in Russia; and he was Program Officer for MacArthur’s Research and Writing Grant Competition (1997-2004). His published research includes articles on nationality politics in Russia, the development of philanthropy in Russia, and transnational philanthropic approaches to migration. He has been an assistant professor of Political Science at the University of Oklahoma, a Visiting Fellow at the Maecenata Institute for Philanthropy and Civil Society in Berlin, and a Visiting Practitioner at the Blavatnik School of Government at Oxford University

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  • Joan Subirats

    Joan SUBIRATS

    Associate Senior Researcher

    Professor Joan Subirats is currently a Professor of Political Science and Researcher and Director of the PhD Program of the Institute of Government and Public Policy at the Autonomous University of Barcelona. His research fields include Policy Analysis, Democratic Innovation, Public Participation and local and regional government. Professor Subirats has been a visiting scholar at the University of California at Berkeley, at CIDE-México, at New York University, at the University of Rome, and Prince of Asturias Distinguished Visiting Professor at Georgetown University (2002-2003). He has published many books including Análisis y Gestión de Políticas Públicas (Public Policy Analysis and Mangement) (2008) Pobreza y Excusión social en España (Poverty and social exclusion in Spain) (2004), Veinte años de autonomias en Espana. Leyes, politicas publicas, instituciones y opinion publica (Twenty years of Autonomies in Spain. Laws, Public Policies, Institutions and Public Opinion)(2002), Redes, Territorios y Gobierno (Territory and Governance) (2001). He is member of the Editorial Board of several Spanish and International Journals of Political Science and Public Management. His work has been supported by grants from the European Union, the Fulbright Commission, and the German Marshall Foundation among others.

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  • Roberto Toscano

    Roberto TOSCANO

    Associate Senior Researcher

    As an Italian diplomat, he served in Chile, the Soviet Union, Spain, the United States, Geneva (United Nations) and, as an ambassador, in Iran (2003-2008) and India (2008-2010), which was the last post in his diplomatic career. For eight years he headed the Research and Planning Unit in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He graduated in Law from the University of Parma, he has a Master's in International Relations from the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University, Washington, he was a Fellow at the Center for International Affairs of Harvard University and, most recently, Public Policy Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, in Washington, where he carried out a research study on Iran. He has written books and articles published in Italy, the United States, Spain, France and India.

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  • Jordi Vaquer

    Jordi VAQUER i FANÉS

    Associate Senior Researcher

    He is a political analyst specializing in international affairs, the author of a regular column in El País (Spain’s leading newspaper), a commentator for other media and a frequent participant and speaker at pan-European and international debates and seminars on world politics and on EU affairs. Between 2008 and 2011 Jordi Vaquer was the coordinator of EU4Seas, a European Commission - funded research program bringing together partner institutions from 8 European countries to study the effects of EU policies on cooperation around the Mediterranean, Baltic, Caspian and Black Seas. He is the chief editor of Revista CIDOB d’Afers Internacionals, one of the top Spanish-language academic journals devoted to International Relations. Additionally, he teaches at IBEI, the Barcelona Institute for International Studies. Dr. Vaquer graduated from the Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain, received a master’s degree from the College of Europe in Bruges, Belgium, and he completed a Ph.D. in International Relations at the London School of Economics, UK. Before joining CIDOB, he worked five years for the international affairs department at the Government of Catalonia and had some professional experience as an occasional teacher at the London School of Economics, an elections observer in 7 countries and a consultant for EC-funded projects.

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  • Dr. Pere Vilanova

    Pere VILANOVA

    Associate Senior Researcher

    Professor of Political Science and the Administration, Faculty of Law, UB. Lecturer in the Department of Constitutional Law and Political Science, Faculty of Law, UB. From 1994 to 1999 he was Head of Studies for the degree course in Political Science and the Administration, and from 1999 to 2003 he was director of the department’s. He has given classes and seminars in Nicaragua, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, Holland, Mexico, the United States, Canada, the Middle East, China, Japan and other countries. From 1993 to 2003 he was a magistrate in the Constitutional Court of Andorra, and from 2000 to 2002, he was the court's president. In 1996, he was head of the legal office of EUAM (European Union Administration of Mostar). Adviser to Mr Carlos Westendorp, Head of the OHR (Office of the High Representative) in Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1998 and 2000. From 2003 to 2005 he was a European Union adviser to the PNA (Palestinian National Authority) in the area of constitutional reform. He has taken part in exploratory missions and as an electoral observer in places such as Bosnia-Herzegovina, the Palestinian territories, Indonesia, Central Asia and Haiti. From 2008 to August 2010 he was director of the Strategic Affairs and Security Division of the Ministry of Defence, and in September 2010 he rejoined the UB. Areas of interest: International studies, regional studies, security, Middle East, Central Asia. Member of the International Advisory Board of the Journal of Peace Research, PRIO, Oslo.

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